What is SSL?

SSL, of rather TLS, is a technique that secures the connection between the visitor of a website and the server that hosts the website through strong encryption. People always assume that SSL is only required when a visitor sends data through the website, but SSL works in both directions. An SSL connection ensures that others can't listen in to the data you send to the website. But it also prevents that information sent to the website by the user, or sent from the website, cannot be altered. After all, as a website owner, you want to be 100% sure that your visitor or customer sees the website and content that you intend to show. This is why a secure SSL connection is a must for every website.

Origin
Originally, SSL certificates were developed as a security protocol for IT professionals. Nowadays, SSL is a staple in the online world, with more and more people recognising it as the best trademark of online security.
 





Domein validation

DV SSL
Domain validation (DV) is suitable for non-public websites. The validation consists of a check to see whether the applicant is also the administrator of the domain for which the certificate is requested. Once the certificate is successfully installed, browsers will show a green lock in the address bar. Recently, Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox have started marking websites with DV certificates as 'Safe'.

Organisation validation

DV SSL
For public websites without commercial aim or government function, an Organisation Validation (OV) certificate is often the perfect solution. Apart from checking whether the website is managed by the applicant, company details are checked. Once the certificate is successfully installed, these company details are added to the certificate details and browsers will show a green lock in the address bar. Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox mark websites with OV certificates as 'Safe'.

Extended validatie

DV SSL
An Extended Validation certificate is the best option for commercial websites such as web shops and banks, but is also used for government agencies. This type of validation requires and extensive check of the company details against a public register, such as the Business Register of the Chamber of Commerce. Once the certificate is successfully installed, the company details are added to the certificate details, and both the green lock and the company name are shown in the address bar of your browser.

Trust level

Networking4all introduces the trust level. Apart from securing data and traffic, the level of security can improve the feeling of trust that is assigned by the user. The trust level is based on multiple factors, such as encryption, visual appearance, and the amount of validation by independent parties.





 




Legislation regarding SSL

The Dutch Personal Data Protection Act states that any transmission of personal data through the internet must be secured. The Dutch Data Protection Authority (the Dutch DPA) supervises the compliance of this law and can impose fines upon violation of up to € 4,500. Apart from this fine, the defaulting company also risks being held financially responsible for any damages.

In 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will come into effect. This is a European law that is slated to replace the Dutch Personal Data Protection Act. Upon activation, the Dutch DPA will fall under direct management of the European Data Protection Authority (DPA). The rules regarding the execution of a privacy-risk investigation will become stricter. Visitors of a website must also give explicit consent for the processing of their personal data. Violations can be met with fines up to 20 million Euros (or in the case of an undertaking, up to 4 % of the total worldwide annual turnover of the preceding financial year, whichever is higher).

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