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General information Dominican Republic
The Dominican Republic is a Latin American country located in the Greater Antilles archipelago on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. It shares the island with the Republic of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are split by two countries; the other is Saint-Martin/Sint Maarten. Hispaniola is the second-largest of the Greater Antilles, and lies west of Puerto Rico and east of Cuba and Jamaica.
The Dominican Republic is the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, its capital Santo Domingo. It has the first cathedral and university, as well as the first European-built road and fortress in the Americas. Santo Domingo (originally New Isabella) was also the first colonial capital in the Americas.
For most of its independent history, the nation experienced political turmoil and unrest, suffering through many non-representative and tyrannical governments. However, since the death of military dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo in 1961, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy.